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Lucas Gonzalez
Lucas Gonzalez

Airport 2012



The 2012 Tripoli airport clashes occurred on 4 June 2012, after members of the Al-Awfea militia stormed the Tripoli International Airport as a measure to prompt the government's release of its jailed leader, Abu Oegeila al-Hebshi.




Airport 2012


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200 gunmen belonging to the Al-Awfea militia took control of the Tripoli International Airport and stopped all flights, after Al-Awfea militiamen ignored the ultimatum given by Defence minister Osama Juwaili to surrender the SSC and MoD forces[1] that stormed the airport, destroyed one tank and captured the other and also arrested more than 172 Tarhouni militiamen.[2]


The airport remained non-functional after the clashes. Government spokesman Nasser al-Manee said that "the airport will resume operation within 24 hours. [He] heard there were some injured". The next day, on 6 June, some airliners restarted their flights from Tripoli International.[3]


The 2012 Bacha Khan International Airport attack was a coordinated assault on Bacha Khan International Airport and the adjacent Pakistan Air Force Base Peshawar on 22 December 2012 by Tehrik-i-Taliban terrorists in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


The attack was preceded by at least five rockets being fired towards the airport. Three of those landed within the facility, which also houses a Pakistan Air Force base, while the other two hit nearby residential areas. The heavily armed militants then rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into the perimeter wall, sparking a firefight with troops posted nearby. Officials at the Khyber Teaching Hospital said they had received the bodies of four civilians, and that more than 40 others had been injured, including children, women and senior citizens, many of whom who were hit by bullets or shrapnel from rockets. Senior official Umar Ayub described the condition of at least four of the wounded as serious. Security officials said five terrorists were killed in the gun battle with troops, and no one managed to actually enter the airport itself. Bomb disposal experts defused four suicide jackets.[citation needed]


Defence minister Naveed Qamar said the attack was well planned out and terrorists were heavily armed, however the response by the security forces ensured there had been no damage to property or loss of life within the airport. A Pakistan Air Force spokesman released a statement, saying that "Security forces were fully alert and responded to the attack... There is no damage to equipment and personnel".


Officials from the Civil Aviation Authority said the airport was shut down after the attack began and all flights coming to Peshawar were diverted to Islamabad and Lahore. Additional security forces were deployed around the airport and troops searched houses in nearby neighbourhoods.[1]


Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure causes death and disease among nonsmoking adults and children (1). Adopting policies that completely prohibit smoking in all indoor areas is the only effective way to eliminate involuntary SHS exposure (1). Among the 29 large-hub U.S. airports, five currently allow smoking in specifically designated indoor areas accessible to the general public (2). In 2011, these five airports had a combined passenger boarding of approximately 110 million (3). To assess indoor air quality at the five large-hub U.S. airports with designated indoor smoking areas and compare it with the indoor air quality at four large-hub U.S. airports that prohibit smoking in all indoor areas, CDC measured the levels of respirable suspended particulates (RSPs), a marker for SHS. The results of this assessment determined that the average level of RSPs in the smoking-permitted areas of these five airports was 16 times the average level in nonsmoking areas (boarding gate seating sections) and 23 times the average level of RSPs in the smoke-free airports. The average RSP level in areas adjacent to the smoking-permitted areas was four times the average level in nonsmoking areas of the five airports with designated smoking areas and five times the average level in smoke-free airports. Smoke-free policies at the state, local, or airport authority levels can eliminate involuntary exposure to SHS inside airports and protect employees and travelers of all ages from SHS.


The findings in this report indicate that workers and travelers, including children and adults, are at risk for exposure to SHS in airports with designated smoking areas. These findings are consistent with previous research that found elevated PM2.5 levels in areas adjacent to enclosed smoking-permitted areas in a medium-hub airport (6). There is no risk-free level of SHS exposure; even brief exposures can have immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems (1,7).


Although smoking was prohibited on all U.S. domestic and international commercial airline flights through a series of federal laws adopted from 1988 to 2000, no federal law or policy requires airports to be smoke-free. Certain tobacco product manufacturers have promoted and paid for separately enclosed and ventilated smoking areas in airports and have opposed efforts to implement smoke-free policies in airports (8). Most airports with designated smoking areas are explicitly exempted from state smoke-free laws or are located in states without comprehensive smoke-free laws. For example, although state laws in Colorado and Utah prohibit smoking in indoor areas of workplaces and public places, they specifically allow designated smoking areas at airports.


Because the duration of air monitoring in each location was approximately 30 minutes, the observed PM2.5 levels cannot be compared directly to current U.S. Environmental Protection Agency average 24-hour and annual PM2.5 exposure standards (35 µg/m3 and 15 µg/m3, respectively) (9). However, given that the average PM2.5 level in smoking-permitted bars and restaurants was 24 times the average level in nonsmoking areas of the same airports (276.9 µg/m3 versus 11.5 µg/m3), workers in smoking-permitted areas such as bars and restaurants might be at heightened risk for SHS exposure and related health problems (9,10).


The findings in this report are subject to at least three limitations. First, SHS is not the only source of PM2.5, and PM2.5 levels can vary from airport to airport because of differences in elevation above sea level. However, although ambient particle concentrations and cooking are additional sources of PM2.5, SHS is the largest contributor to PM2.5 levels in indoor settings where smoking is allowed (5). Second, PM2.5 levels inside and adjacent to the smoking-permitted areas were not measured simultaneously, so it was not possible to assess SHS leakage into smoking-restricted areas in real time. Finally, in very large smoking-permitted areas, the inability to count the exact numbers of occupants and burning cigarettes might have resulted in imprecise estimates.


Both employees and travelers at airports with designated smoking areas could be at risk for SHS exposure. For example, travelers who do not enter smoking-permitted areas can be exposed to SHS in adjacent areas. Employees who work in smoking-permitted restaurants and bars, or who are required to enter smoking-permitted areas for cleaning, maintenance, or other reasons, also are at risk for SHS exposure. In addition, children who are allowed to enter or wait near smoking-permitted areas might be at risk for SHS exposure. Completely eliminating smoking inside airports is the only way to eliminate SHS exposure for nonsmoking workers and travelers of all ages (1).


The FAA conducted a national review of the general aviation airports resulting in two reports, General Aviation Airports: A National Asset issued in May 2012 and ASSET 2 issued in March 2014. These categories have been incorporated into the biennial NPIAS with criteria shown in Appendix C of the current NPIAS Report.


The New York Post broke the story over the weekend, relating the tale of Daniel Castillo: he was out jet skiing with friends on an inlet near the airport and had a mishap. He ran out of gas but couldn't attract anyone's attention. So, wearing his bright yellow life vest, he jumped in the water and struck out toward the nearest lights he saw. These belonged to the airport.


Nicholas Casale is the former deputy director of security for counterterrorism for the New York metro transit agency. He told the Associated Press once Castillo crossed the perimeter, there should have been a red alert: "Immediately there should have been an armed response. Heavy weapons, armored cars to the area that the perimeter was breached. The airport should have been locked down."


Santa Monica AirportNameSanta Monica AirportStatesCaliforniaContinentNorth AmericaStatusDestroyedDestroyed byLos Angeles Earthquake and sank into the Pacific OceanThe Santa Monica Airport was an airport in Santa Monica, California.


During the 2012 Apocalypse, the Santa Monica Airport was hit by a 10.9 magnitude earthquake which devastated the entire air field. Before the earthquake struck, Jackson Curtis drove to the airport to drop off Yuri Karpov's twin sons, Alec and Oleg before he rescued his family just as the apocalypse started. As the Curtis Family and Gordon Silberman took off in a Cessna liner, the earthquake tore open the air field and caused the airport to be split into a canyon. The remains of the airport were destroyed when the ruined state of California sank into the Pacific Ocean.


The most recent ESPR is the 2017 Environmental Status & Planning Report including the 2017 ESPR Appendices which was submitted to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs, and discusses current and projected future airport operations and environmental conditions, project updates and Massport mitigation programs. A Spanish version of the ESPR Introduction/Executive Summary is also provided. 041b061a72


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